Fuels


Fuels

POC is a one stop provider of a wide range of fuels

Below is a list of the types and grades of fuels Palatine Oil supplies, with detail about the applications of each.

Gasoline

Regular Unleaded Gasoline

  • Milemaker® Gasoline: Posted Octane Rating [(R+M)/2] of 87
  • Recommended for use in cars and other vehicles designed to operate on regular unleaded gasoline
  • Appropriate for use in equipment designed to run on unleaded regular gasoline, including passenger cars, trucks, farm machinery, buses and stationary engines

Midgrade Unleaded Gasoline

  • Extra-M® Gasoline: Posted Octane Rating [(R+M)/2] of 89
  • Recommended for use in cars and other vehicles that knock on regular unleaded gasoline but do not need the higher octane of premium gasoline
  • Appropriate for use in all cars and light trucks that do not need premium gasoline
  • Provides better performance in vehicles with knock sensors, turbochargers, or high output engines
  • Can be substituted for regular leaded gasoline in older vehicles
  • Other applications include buses, farm tractors and stationary engines.

Premium Unleaded Gasoline

  • Super-M ® Gasoline: Posted Octane Rating [(R+M)/2] of 93
  • For use in all cars and light trucks
  • Provides increased anti-knock protections, more horsepower in turbocharged engines and better acceleration and fuel economy in late model cars with knock sensors
  • Can benefit vehicles that are prone to spark knock on lower grade gasolines
  • Provides the best performance in vehicles with knock sensors, turbochargers, or high output engines
  • Can be substituted for premium leaded gasoline in older vehicles
  • Other applications include high performance cars and boats, buses, farm tractors and stationary engines

Marathon Diesel Fuel

  • High Cetane: Meets or exceeds engine manufacturers’ cetane specifications for No. 1 Diesel
  • Balanced Boiling Range: Enhances vaporization of fuel for easy starting, power output, and economy
  • Proper Viscosity: Ensures proper lubrication of pumps and injectors and enhances combustion
  • Low Sulfur: Meets or exceeds EPA mandated specification of 0.05 wt% sulfur content for on-road use
    Grades

No. 1 Diesel Fuel

  • Excellent low temperature fluidity: flows easily at very low temperatures with a typical cloud point of -35 degrees F and pour point of 45 degrees F
  • Recommended where No. 1 Diesel fuel is specified for diesel engines
  • Also recommended for blending with No. 2 Diesel fuel during cold weather to lower fuel cloud and pour points

No. 2 Diesel Fuel

  • Improved low temperature performance: during the winter season, all Midwest low sulfur No. 2 diesel fuel
  • from Marathon-supplied terminals will have a maximum cloud point of +10 degrees F
  • High BTUs: provides more energy per gallon than No. 1 Diesel fuel.
  • Recommended wherever a No. 2 Diesel fuel is specified for diesel engines

GE-Betz OTR Premium Additive

    • More power: enhanced detergency and optimum cetane rating deliver improved fuel combustion for increased power, less engine noise, and less smoke
    • Better mileage: helps enhance engine efficiency as a result of cleaner combustion chambers, more consistent injector spray patterns and optimum cetane levels
    • Combined, these factors help assure peak engine performance and better mileage
    • Less maintenance: Lower maintenance costs are derived from outstanding detergency, lubricity, stability and moisture control; heavy duty detergents help keep injectors clean and reduce spray pattern degradation; contains special lubricity agents to help protect injectors and other critical fuel system components from wear and extend their useful life; strong stabilizers improve thermal stability and reduce formation of gummy, filter-plugging deposits; water in the fuels is also reduced, preventing injector damage and fuel system corrosion
    • Anti-gel: cold flow improvers prevent gelling, enabling diesel operation in lower temperatures; super duty
    • ANTI-GEL extends operability range by 20 degrees F or more, keeping the diesel rolling
    • Anti-Ice: moisture eliminator prevents fuel line freeze, reducing highway stoppages; regular use eliminates water and condensation build-up and freezing

Increased cetane: improves cold starting no matter what the temperature; improves engine efficiency and performance by reducing ignition delay; helps to increase mileage

Fuel Oil

  • Quick ignition: provides fast burner starts
  • Balanced boiling range: ensures complete burning
  • Proper viscosity: provides ideal atomization for efficient combustion
  • Dyed red: indicates tax-exempt status for fuel
  • Low sulfur: increases burner and stack life

No. 1 Low Sulfur Fuel Oil

  • Low pour point: flows easily at very low temperatures with a typical pour point of -45 degrees F
  • Recommended for all applications specifying a No. 1 burner fuel
  • Also recommended for blending with NO. 2 fuel oil during cold weather to improve low temperature fuel flow
  • Should not be used in unvented (1-K) burners

No. 2 Low Sulfur Fuel Oil

  • High BTUs: provides more usable heat per gallon than No. 1 fuel oil
  • Recommended for all applications specifying a No. 2 burner fuel

1-K Kerosene

  • Formulated primarily for use in unvented kerosene heaters
  • High quality: meets or exceeds the 1-K specifications set by ASTM D3699 and the states in which it is marketed
  • Low sulfur: specially refined to contain less than 0.04% wt. sulfur (sulfur content is important when using unvented heaters where combustion fumes enter the air space being heated)
  • Water-white: 1-K kerosene is a clear, bright, clean-burning fuel
  • Quick ignition: provides fast burner starts
  • Balanced boiling range: burns with less char so that wicks stay clean longer
  • Uniform viscosity: allows even and complete combustion

Alternative Fuels

Biodiesel

Biodiesel is a clean burning alternative fuel, produced from domestic, renewable resources. Biodiesel contains no petroleum, but it can be blended at any level with petroleum diesel to create a biodiesel blend. It can be used in compression-ignition (diesel) engines with little or no modifications. Biodiesel is simple to use, biodegradable, nontoxic, and essentially free of sulfur and aromatics.

  • Production: Produced from any fat or oil such as soybean oil, through a refinery process called transesterification—a reaction of the oil with an alcohol to remove the glycerin, which is a by-product of biodiesel production
  • Alternative Fuel: Fuel-grade biodiesel must be produced to strict industry specifications (ASTM D6751) in order to insure proper performance; biodiesel is the only alternative fuel to have fully completed the health effects testing requirements of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, meets ASTM D6751 and is legally registered with the Environmental Protection Agency as a legal motor fuel for sale and distribution
  • Blending: Can be used as a pure fuel or blended with petroleum in any percentage; B20 (a blend of 20% by volume biodiesel with 80% by volume petroleum diesel) has demonstrated significant environmental benefits with a minimum increase in cost for fleet operations and other consumers
  • Clean Fuel: Registered as a fuel and fuel additive with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and meets clean diesel standards established by the California Air Resources Board (CARB).; neat (100%) biodiesel has been designated as an alternative fuel by the Department of Energy (DOE) and the US Department of Transportation (DOT)
  • Emissions Comparison: Better for the environment because it is made from renewable resources and has lower emissions compared to petroleum diesel; less toxic than table salt and biodegrades as fast as sugar; since it is made in the USA from renewable resources such as soybeans, its use decreases our dependence on foreign oil and contributes to our own economy
  • Cost: When reviewing the high costs associated with other alternative fuel systems, many fleet managers have determined biodiesel is their least-cost strategy to comply with state and federal regulations because use of biodiesel does not require major engine modifications (operators keep their fleets, their spare parts inventories, their refueling stations and their skilled mechanics)—the only change is the air quality
  • Biodiesel in Existing Diesel Engines: Can be operated in any diesel engine with little or no modification to the engine or the fuel system; has a solvent effect that may release deposits accumulated on tank walls and pipes from previous diesel fuel storage; the release of deposits may clog filters initially and precautions should be taken—ensure that only fuel meeting the biodiesel specification is used

E-85 – 85% Ethanol

Ethanol is a high-octane, liquid domestic and renewable fuel, produced by the fermentation of plant sugars. In the United States today, ethanol is typically produced from corn and other grain products. However, in the future it may be economical to produce ethanol from other biomass resources such as agricultural and forestry wastes or specially grown “energy” crops.

E85 is the term for motor fuel blends of up to 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline. E85 is considered an alternative fuel under federal and state laws designed to increase our domestic energy security and reduce vehicles emissions. It looks and fuels just like regular gasoline. However ethanol does not contain many of the harmful carcinogens found in gasoline.

Today, U.S. ethanol producers have the capacity to produce more than 1.5 billion gallons each year. Ethanol is made primarily from corn but can be made from many other feedstocks and waste products. Therefore, the only limit on production is the efficiency of the technology. The Institute for Local Self Reliance estimates that corn to ethanol production today creates 38 percent more energy than it uses.

  • Flexible Fuel Vehicles: specially designed to run on any ethanol fuel blend up to 85 percent ethanol. Special on-board diagnostics “read” the fuel blend, enabling drivers to fuel with E85 or gasoline if E85 is not available, without worrying about what is in the tank. E85 has superior performance characteristics because of its high octane rating (110 compared to gasoline’s 89.)
  • Made in America: ethanol is a fuel that strengthens our national economy and security
  • Can Reduce Pollution: Government tests have shown that E85 vehicles reduce harmful hydrocarbon and benzene emissions when compared to vehicles running on gasoline; ethanol fuel can also reduce carbon dioxide—a major contributor to global warming; although carbon dioxide is released during ethanol production and combustion, it is recycled as a nutrient to the crops that are used to produce it., and also is non-toxic, water soluable and biodegradable.

Key Benefits

  • Reduces harmful emissions making the air we breathe cleaner
  • A renewable resource because it is made from agricultural crops and waste products
  • Makes us less dependent on foreign oil because ethanol is made in America from crops grown by American farmers
  • No special training or knowledge is needed—E85 looks and fuels just like conventional gasoline
  • The range of a vehicle operating on E85 is excellent; one can drive more than 350 miles on an 18-gallon tank of fuel
  • There is no (or a very low) incremental cost to you on the purchase of an E85 vehicle
  • All E85 vehicles are proven reliable vehicles built as original equipment from the manufacturer and have the same warranties as gasoline vehicles